From the Roman period to the Jacobite rebellions and beyond, the battles fought across these isles have led to dramatic turning points in history. In many cases their impact is still relevant today as they have contributed to the shaping of British laws, institutions and our concepts of identity. This site aims to provide detail on those battles, including interpretation of the action, to aid visitors in their quest to explore and understand these significant events.
In early 1306 Robert Bruce, Earl of Carrick gambled all on a rebellion against Edward I. He murdered his rival, Sir John Comyn, and was crowned King of Scotland. However, the campaign did not start well when an English force under Aymer de Valence virtually destroyed Bruce’s fledgling army at the Battle of Methven (1306).
Mortimer's Cross (1461)
Following the death of Richard, Duke of York it was left to his son - Edward, Earl of March - to continue the fight for the English throne. However, first he needed to ensure the security of his Herefordshire estates from Lancastrian forces. Edward achieved this at the Battle of Mortimer's Cross (1461) where he decisively defeated a hostile army under Jasper Tudor, Earl of Pembroke.
The Battle of Stow-on-the-Wold (1646) was the last engagement of the First Civil War and saw the sole remaining Royalist field army destroyed. With the King's cause now irretrievably lost, the Royalist commander pointedly observed to his captors, "You have now done your work boys and may go play, unless you will fall out amongst yourselves". It was a prophetic statement.