From the Roman period to the Jacobite rebellions and beyond, the battles fought across these isles have led to dramatic turning points in history. In many cases their impact is still relevant today as they have contributed to the shaping of British laws, institutions and our concepts of identity. This site aims to provide detail on those battles, including interpretation of the action, to aid visitors in their quest to explore and understand these significant events.
After suffering a defeat at Grosmont, the army of Owain Glyndŵr attempted to restore their reputation with an assault on the English forces at Usk Castle. They were repulsed and, as they retreated, the garrison sallied out where they routed the Welsh at the Battle of Pwll Melyn (1405).
After a year of campaigning James Graham, Marquis of Montrose achieved his final and greatest victory when he defeated the last Covenanter army in Scotland at the Battle of Kilsyth (1645). With the country back under Royalist control, it briefly offered Charles I a glimmer of hope that the civil war may yet be won.
Described by Cromwell as his “crowning mercy”, the Battle of Worcester (1651) saw the total military annihilation of the Royalist cause and marked the end of the Civil War. Despite strong leadership from Charles II, the Parliamentary force proved too strong and ultimately surrounded and stormed the city.