From the Roman period to the Jacobite rebellions and beyond, the battles fought across these isles have led to dramatic turning points in history. In many cases their impact is still relevant today as they have contributed to the shaping of British laws, institutions and our concepts of identity. This site aims to provide detail on those battles, including interpretation of the action, to aid visitors in their quest to explore and understand these significant events.
When King John died in October 1216 he left his country in a state of civil war with many his barons actively supporting Prince Louis of France who had come to England to depose him. William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke assumed the role of Regent for the King's heir, the young Henry III, and at the Battle of Lincoln (1217) he defeated the French force and stabilised the new regime.
The Battle of Wakefield (1460) was a calculated attempt by the Lancastrians to eliminate Richard, Duke of York. Little is known about the action but the Duke was successfully enticed out from the safety of Sandal Castle and ambushed. In the subsequent skirmish his forces were massacred and both the Duke and his second eldest son were killed.
Following the catastrophic Royalist defeat at Marston Moor, Parliamentary forces in the Welsh Marches went on the offensive and in September 1644 they captured the strategically important Montgomery Castle. A large Royalist army was deployed to dislodge them but, at the Battle of Montgomery (1644), they were defeated and Parliament secured control of central Wales.