From the Roman period to the Jacobite rebellions and beyond, the battles fought across these isles have led to dramatic turning points in history. In many cases their impact is still relevant today as they have contributed to the shaping of British laws, institutions and our concepts of identity. This site aims to provide detail on those battles, including interpretation of the action, to aid visitors in their quest to explore and understand these significant events.
The Battle of the Standard (1138), which is also known as the Battle of Northallerton, was an attempt by David I to exploit the dynastic power struggle in England between Stephen and Matilda. Seeking to wrest additional territory, David invaded northern England in Summer 1138 but was engaged and defeated by an army raised by Thurstan, Archbishop of York.
Keen to avenge the defeat of Flodden and resist English attempts to force Scotland to implement religious reforms, James V ordered a large scale invasion of Cumbria. A large force of 18,000 men crossed into England but the campaign ended on the same day it started with a decisive defeat at the Battle of Solway Moss (1542).
James Graham, Marquis of Montrose had been appointed Royalist commander in Scotland in Summer 1644 and had won numerous victories against the Covenanters who had sided with the English Parliament against the King. At the Battle of Alford (1645) Montrose continued this trend when he engaged and defeated the final Covenanter army in northern Scotland.